GATE Exam for IITs

The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an entrance exam conducted jointly by the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) and seven Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) on behalf of the National Coordination Board (NCB)-GATE, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Education, Government of India. GATE is a prestigious examination that assesses the understanding of various engineering and science subjects and is used for admission to postgraduate programs (Masters and Ph.D.) in engineering, technology, and related fields, as well as for recruitment in various government and private sector jobs.

Here’s a comprehensive overview of the GATE exam:

Exam Structure:

  • GATE is a computer-based test (CBT) that is conducted online.
  • The exam is held over multiple sessions on different dates, usually in February.
  • The duration of the exam is 3 hours, and it consists of a total of 65 questions, carrying a maximum of 100 marks.
  • The question paper consists of both multiple-choice questions (MCQs) and numerical answer type questions (NATs).


  • GATE covers a wide range of subjects in engineering, technology, and science, including branches like Aerospace Engineering, Civil Engineering, Computer Science and Information Technology, Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and many more.


  • Candidates with a Bachelor’s degree in engineering, technology, or science (4 years after 10+2 or 3 years after B.Sc./Diploma in Engineering/Technology) are eligible to apply.
  • Candidates in the final year of their qualifying degree can also apply.

Admission and Recruitment:

  • GATE scores are used for admissions to various postgraduate programs (Masters and Ph.D.) in institutes like IITs, IISc, NITs, and other universities.
  • GATE scores are also utilized by some public sector undertakings (PSUs) for recruitment purposes.


  • GATE requires a comprehensive understanding of the subject along with strong problem-solving skills.
  • Preparation involves thorough study of core subjects, practice of previous year’s papers, and taking mock tests.

Application Process:

  • The application process usually starts in September, and candidates need to apply online through the GATE Online Application Processing System (GOAPS) on the official website.

Score Validity:

  • GATE scores are valid for three years from the date of announcement of results.

Career Opportunities:

  • Qualifying GATE opens up opportunities for higher studies in prestigious institutes and enhances job prospects in various industries and research organizations.

GATE is a competitive exam, and success requires dedicated preparation and a strong foundation in the chosen subject. Candidates planning to appear for GATE should begin their preparation well in advance, understand the exam pattern and syllabus thoroughly, and practice extensively to achieve their desired results.

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